There are several STDs which potentially results certain conditions in our body resulted loss of fertility. This can be observed in both men and women equally. This article tries to answer the question related to STD causing Infertility.
1. Chlamydia & Infertility
Chlamydia is is a virus that is somewhat common in sexually active patients who have multiple partners.It is a sort of, could be actually considered, as a type of a venereal disease. if gone untreated it can create problems with scar tissue in the reproductive system for women. So, from the perspective of patients who are actually trying to conceive, it’s a very infrequent act of disease but some of the consequences of perhaps having had the disease at a younger age(below 25) are seen up with tests of the fallopian tubes most commonly the treatment. As Chlamydia can cause silent infection in the upper genital tract. This can cause permanent damage to the fallopian tubes, uterus, and other organs critical to the baby.
How likely is it to be infertile from chlamydia?
PID from Chlamydia can most commonly develop in between 2 days to 3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria, long-term complications.So, its the term after 3 weeks of infection
Prompt STD diagnosis and treatment can prevent the development of irreversible effect of Chlamydial infertility.
Can chlamydia cause infertility in males?
Yes, Chlamydia in men can damage sperm and cause scarring in the reproductive tract (which can lead to permanent infertility).
Chlamydia is an antibiotic which can even be given orally but should be given to both partners if there is an active disease present. With the assist in reproductive technology like in vitro-fertilization use prophylactic, antibiotics for different types of viruses
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2. Gonorrhea & Infertility
Like chlamydia, gonorrhea has reached epidemic proportions worldwide. It is a leading cause of PID and therefore infertility. According to the CDC report, it can also cause scarring that blocks your fallopian tubes and increase your risk of having an ectopic pregnancy which can be life-threatening for the mother and is always deadly for the baby and contracting HIV. If you do get pregnant, you can pass the illness on to your baby.
In men, infertility can be caused due to locking the epididymis or tubes. The blockage happens near the testicles or at the urethra, where you pass urine or stricture or narrowing of the pipe or blocking of the pipe leading to difficulty in passing the urine
How long before gonorrhea makes you infertile?
As in case of Chlamydia, PID from gonorrhea can cause in between 2 days to 3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. So technically, the Pelvic inflammatory disease starts as an infection after 3 weeks of exposure to make you infertile. Also, untreated Gonorrhea can spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes, causing PID which may result in scarring of the tubes, causing a greater risk of pregnancy complications and infertility. PID is a serious infection that requires immediate treatment.
3. Herpes & Infertility
Miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week. The herpes simplex virus is very common in the women of childbearing age.
Before birth situation: The virus is passed to the baby in the uterus, this can lead to miscarriage, this state is known as intrauterine herpes. It is very rare and the risk of herpes is more when the mother contracts with herpes in the later stages of pregnancy.
During labor, when the passes through the birth canal, it may acquire herpes. This is very rare occurrence as this can happen if amniotic sac breaks before birth (water bag or sack or bag with amniotic acid holding the baby in the uterus).
4. HIV & Infertility
HIV may lead to conditions in which women develop infertility or complications during pregnancy in following ways.
Loss of fertility in women can develop due to the development serious PID (Pelvic Inflammatory disease) as the immune system is weakened. HIV positive women are more likely to have an anovulatory cycle and amenorrhea, or a complete absence of a menstrual cycle.
In addition to the above-mentioned things, another factor may result in infertility in HIV -infected women may include stress, weakened immune systems, weight loss and the presence of various sexually transmitted diseases
In men, sperm function may also get affected due to HIV. Inflammation of the testicles and production of insufficient testosterone levels might occur in HIV infected men.Three most common assisted reproduction techniques are intrauterine insemination, In vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection are used.